A. Introduction

The Driving Simulators are environmental friendly, conserve natural resources, do not pollute and cause not terrain damage. The Driving Simulator saves cost on fuel, regular operations, maintenance and repair, medical rehabilitation, loss of working days due to injury, and has direct impact on economical & social cost, incurred due to death of persons in accidents.

The advantage of learning in a simulator based driver trainer is that in a Simulator the lessons form part of a structured learning environment, where the trainee driver progresses according to his capability and also where the environment can be controlled under the tutelage of an instructor. Simulator is a fully interactive Computer Generated Imagery based system, which takes into consideration all above factors and is designed to replicate a real world experience in a classroom. The trainee driver is given the facility to manipulate simulated controls, which results in visual scene changes on the monitor. This flow of visual imagery together with correlated sounds provides feedback to the driver which is used to continually adjust the control of the vehicle. The Driving Simulator should take into account the following factors:-

  • Action to achieve efficiency by training in-groups compared to the time required to train one driver at a time in a traditional way on a real vehicle.

  • Simulated environment allows repetition and reinforcement of the training skills at the necessary frequency for effective learning, retention and recall

B. System Overview
  • Basic as well as advanced driving training to drivers of light, medium and heavy vehicles over a broad range of operating and external weather conditions.

  • The Simulator addresses Basic Skills, Mixing with Traffic, Urban, Rural and Highway Driving, Collision Avoidance, Vehicle Dynamics, Handling Emergency Situations and different Environmental factors.

  • Training can be provided on basic aspects like:-
    • Knowledge of vehicle controls.
    • Response of controls.
    • Pre-driving checks.
    • Holding the steering wheel.
    • Starting and stoping.
    • Steering and turning.
    • Observing procedures.
    • Accelerating.
    • Maintaining speed.
    • Decelerating.
    • Reaction Distance.
    • Stopping distance.
    • Gear changing.
    • Reversing straight and turn.
    • Straight backing into the docks.
    • Right and left turns at intersections.
    • Parking procedures.

Advanced concepts like maneuvering, night driving, cross country driving, hill driving with different Uphill and downhill grades, driving in different road surfaces, dry, wet, snow, ice and emergency maneuvers.